Iguanas as Pets
Iguanas as pets are very popular although it does involve a lot of work. The iguanas sold in pet stores are the Green iguanas and are not expensive. When you bring home a baby iguana, you should be prepared for its great length and weight as an adult and not expect it to stay small throughout its life. This means that the cage you have for the pet should be larger than you would need at first. The typical cage should be about 3 feet long, 1.5 feet wide and 1.5 feet high. Cover the cage with netting so that it cannot get out over the top.
The materials you use to build the cage should be smooth so that they will not scratch the iguana’s skin when it brushes up against the sides. You could use a large glass aquarium, without the water of course, if you wish. To try to replicate the natural environment, you can put in rocks and silk flowers. A hot rock is a good idea, especially if you don’t have a heater attached to the cage because iguanas like warm temperatures between 75 and 90 degrees. The floor of the cage should be a piece of carpet. You can have several of these pieces so that when you have one in the wash, you have another to lay in its place.
Feed the iguana a diet of leafy vegetables, fruit and flowers. The leafy vegetables include collard greens, carrot tops, Romaine lettuce and dandelion. Fruits include apples, cherries and strawberries, but these should make up less than 20% of the diet. The flowers of the various plants are excellent sources of food. Iceberg lettuce is not recommended because it is mainly moisture. Meat should also be avoided because it can make the iguana sick.
Iguanas prefer ultraviolet lighting in their cages. This is part of natural sunlight and provides your pet with the vitamins it needs from the sun. Although the diet of iguanas is about 80% water, you should keep a shallow dish of water in the cage, just in case they do need a drink. You can use a regular toenail clipper to clip the nails.